“Exclusive” and “Ecological” Breastfeeding Are Not the Same


Very often online in various mommy groups or forums you’ll see someone comment on their period already having returned and how shocked they are since they exclusively breastfeed their baby. Inevitably a bunch of other moms will chime in that they too experienced a return of their cycle or even conception of another baby in just a few weeks or months after birth. The general consensus you will often hear is, “yeah, nursing keeping away your cycle is mainly an old wive’s tale.”


It isn’t a tale, actually, but there is something called Ecological Breastfeeding (aka Eco Feeding), and it is not the same as exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). Let me explain.

The Seven Standards

The average EBF mom is indeed only using their breastmilk for feeding their baby, but they may be doing several other practices that limit sucking at the breast, like using pacifiers or pumping and using bottles to feed.

Ecological Breastfeeding is when the mother practices the following Seven Standards:

  • Breastfeed exclusively for six months

  • Pacify your baby at your breasts

  • Don’t use bottles or pacifiers

  • Sleep with your baby for night feedings

  • Sleep with your baby for a daily-nap feeding

  • Nurse frequently day and night and avoid schedules

  • Avoid any practice that restricts nursing or separates you from your baby

Why do these practices make a difference?

Well it is what Sheila Kippley, the expert on Ecological Breastfeeding, calls “The Frequency Factor.” See, when baby is sucking so often, the body receives a signal that mom is not ready for another baby because she is so clearly in the mode of caring for one already. It releases hormones to suppress ovulation and the return of the cycle. This is known as “lactational amenorrhea.” (Note: Pumping is not the same as nursing. The release of hormones needed for this happens specifically when baby is sucking).

On average, practicing ecological breastfeeding will suppress fertility for at least 13 – 16 months for a mother, thus naturally spacing her children two or more years apart.

One month old Zelie nursing while I cook!

(Also, these standards may seem overwhelming at first, but at least for me they come very naturally. I’ve learned to nurse in a baby carrier which is super helpful. The safe co-sleeping that this requires also has provided us with amazing rest as far as life with children goes. Eco breastfeeding has resulted in incredibly content babies and has worked out perfectly for our family. I would nurse this way even if it wasn’t affecting my fertility and we don’t have to go through a painful binky weaning stage to boot! )

All The Standards

Some women need to follow all seven standards, and some don’t. My own mother used pacifiers and didn’t see the return of her period for two years after having a baby. Every woman’s body is different.

For myself, I got my first “warning” period at 9 months after Philomena was born, right when I stopped doing the daily nap nurse and she was starting to sleep for longer stretches at night. My periods seemed normal by about a year postpartum, and my fertility returned at 16 months pp when I conceived Zelie. This spacing was just the natural result of eco breastfeeding.


I am currently nursing Zelie using all the standards but the nap nurse. I technically have the ability most days for a nap nurse when Philomena is taking her nap, but I have a very hard time sleeping during the day. I do, however, nurse laying down with Zelie often. When she is ready for a nap, Philomena and I snuggle down into bed and read, letting Zelie suckle in her sleep as long as she naturally wants to.

She is almost 10 months and I have had no signs of a return to my cycle.

“I followed all 7 and it didn’t work for me” – Here Could Be Why

Historically, a woman who followed all seven standards had a tiny chance of seeing a return to her cycle before a year, however there is an increasing number of women who say it simply isn’t working as long, even when they follow all seven standards.

And I have heard a very interesting hypothesis why.

A few years ago I was chatting with a home-birth midwife with over forty years experience. She explained to me that it was practically unheard of back in the Seventies and Eighties when her midwifery practice was young for moms to get their cycles back before twelve months pp.

So what changed? Hormones, that’s what.

See, we are exposed to a drastically higher level of hormones in our world today. Most factory farmed meat is pumped full of it. Our water has incredibly elevated levels of estrogen in it thanks to all of the artificial contraceptive pills being consumed and getting into our water system. (We literally have the feminization of male fish happening. More on the water estrogen problem can be found in this study here). We are using plastics full of endocrine interrupting chemicals, and cheap food is loaded with non-fermented soy.

In turn, our bodies are being exposed to an unnatural level of hormones that affect how it operates. Just think of how early puberty is happening for more and more girls. (I had my first period at 11 years old and now it’s becoming more common by 8 or 9. Yikes!). Dr. Mercola has vital information on this phenomena here.

Ecological breastfeeding functions by releasing lots of prolactin to suppress ovulation, but if that proloactin is being run over by shockingly elevated levels of estrogen and synthetic hormones in our toxic environment, it may not work as it should. Thus, an increasing number of women are seeing an earlier and earlier return of their fertility, even if they are ecologically breastfeeding.

So, you may find that eco breastfeeding doesn’t suppress fertility for you however, don’t rule it out until you have tried following all or as many of the standards as you can. You may be surprised!

Learn More

There is so much more on this topic than I can cover here, but if you’re interested in some further reading you can look at the following:


“The Seven Standards of Ecological Breastfeeding: The Frequency Factory” by Sheila Kippley is the most comprehensive guide around, and full of fascinating, easy-to-understand, well-researched information. It is relatively short book and can be read very quickly. Find it here on Amazon.

This article here entitled “Breastfeeding and Fertility” over on Kelly Mom has lots of statistics and facts of interest.

The “Breastfeeding and Fertility” page over at Ark Dr. Sears also has more information on lactational amenorrhea.

14 thoughts on ““Exclusive” and “Ecological” Breastfeeding Are Not the Same

  1. My mom has the original book by Sheila Kippley from the 1970s. She lent it to me while I was pregnant with baby #1. It was an interesting read, but so outdated! I kept looking for a new addition, but never found one. Seems like this book was what I was looking for. 🙂


  2. My children are all grown now, but all ten are spaced two to two and a half years apart by using ecological breastfeeding.
    Very interesting theory about why ecological breastfeeding doesn’t work for some women. As a former La Leche League leader, I hadn’t heard that, but it makes sense.


  3. So interesting- and especially how much it varies from woman to woman! I don’t practice eco breastfeeding, for various reasons. (One being that I have an oversupply, and my poor babies want to suck but don’t want to keep filling their bellies, so pacifier it is!) I’ve been lucky though in that my cycles stay away anyway. 14 months with my first and got pregnant at 19 months, 12 months with my second and got pregnant at 16 months.


  4. Just curious about your cosleeping…we did for our daughter (now 21 months) and it was great except for one thing– I had to go to bed when she did because she wouldn’t stay asleep if I left the bed after nursing her down plus I was worried about leaving her alone in bed even with a bedrail. What do you do? Do you just go to bed when your daughter does or do you have other tips? I missed the time alone with my husband since I would go early with our daughter. We now have a 3 week old son and I’m not sure what we’ll do about cosleeping.


    1. With my first she usually would nurse down and stay down an hour or two, and then when she woke up at 9:30 or 10 we would just go to bed. Sometimes I’d also rock and nurse her in the living room or in a carrier and we would just be around the house with my husband that way. With my second we have been so tired these days that we spend our evenings in bed often times, reading, praying, chatting, or watching something on VidAngel. So, it really hasn’t come up as much since we have shifted our evenings into the room anyway.

      Liked by 1 person

  5. Sheila Kippley and her husband still blog at NFP International. They like to say that ecological breastfeeding is Plan A. and if a couple needs to reduce the small chance of pregnancy with that, then they can do Plan B and chart fertility signs. Their book that covers 3 fertility signs and ecological breastfeeding is at http://www.nfpandmore.org ; “NFP:The Complete Approach” . I hope some of your readers can say hello to them at their blogs.


  6. Thank you thank you thank you for this! I agree with everything you say. Although I would add the reason I think eco bfing isn’t working for many is because they claim to nurse on demand but aren’t- they don’t know how. I’ve watched mother after mother tell me they nurse on demand while their baby sits there sucking on their hand or crying without being offered the breast. I think they just tremendously underestimate how often “frequent” nursing really is. I’ve also noticed this is worse with extroverted moms. It was interesting to read in a book on introverts how introverts tend to be more sensitive (not emotionally, but perspective). I think introverted moms have an advantage for being in tune with baby because they aren’t as focused on outside stimuli. I find they tend to also be better about relaxing and taking breaks for baby instead of being constantly on the go. Might be more of a challenge for the extroverted, stay busy kind of mom.


    1. I do totally agree with you that often times people say they eco breastfeed, and then they’re like simultaneously putting a binky in the baby’s mouth. However I also have gotten a lot of feedback in really crunchy circles from women who definitely understand and practice it, but it still isn’t working. So I think it is two-fold, like you say, people simply not understanding just how much nursing this is, and also a shift in hormones.


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